Participative Governance, the real face of

    A Site Map

    Group 0 - Introduction

    Chapter A. One - Introduction
    This chapter serves to introduce our organization. It defines our mission
    which is to keep and maintain an open dialogue between the State and the
    citizens and briefly describes our program. The chapter ends with the
    assertion of our ultimate goal which is the creation of a  social and
    economic five year Plan for Lebanon. That Plan should serve to bind
    together and focus all the energies of the Nation toward its realization.

    Chapter A. Two - Outlook
    In this chapter we cast a brief picture of Lebanon’s current economic,
    social and financial situation.

    Chapter A. Three - Our project
    in this chapter we explain the reasons that have brought us to consider
    participating  with the Authorities and with Civil Society in building a
    Lebanese National Social and Economic Development Plan for the period

    Chapter A. Four - Site Map
    A summary of the contents of the web site


    Section Eleven - Definition
    Several definitions of governance and planning are provided in this

Section Twelve - Merits
    This section provides a detailed list of the merits of participative
    governance and how applying it can solve most of the social and economic
    problems that affect a country.

    Section Thirteen - Scope
    Public governance includes the following functions: a) planning, b)approval
    of the plan,c) implementation, d)monitoring, e) evaluation. A brief
    description of these functions is provided.

    Section Fourteen - Adoption of concept
    This chapter covers four subjects:
    1.- The consequences of marginalizing the citizens in Tunisia and Egypt
    2.- Thoughts on the concepts of participative governance and planning.
    3.- "From political wont to political will" - considering the application of
    participative governance in some countries of Africa and Asia.
    4.- A report on participative governance and budgeting by the UN
    Economic & Social Council.

    Section Fifteen - The Philippines
    Here,  we see how one man with a vision ultimately succeeded in making
    life better for 170,000 Philippinos by introducing participative governance
    in his city.

    Section Sixteen - Brazil (Porto Alegre)
    “We have the courage to try”. This is how the people of this city of 1.3
    million Brazilians describe the process they used to introduce participative
    governance in their community and benefited from it. The chapter also
    tells how the practice later spread to cover the entire country and
    contributed to make Brazil a world economic giant and a leader in
    Section Seventeen - South Africa, (1)
    Only twenty odd years ago, South Africa was ruled by a white racist regime
    that brutally oppressed its black population. Within a few short years,
    South Africa, peacefully, won its independence and now leads the entire
    continent in democracy and in economic development. How did they do it?  
    What part did participative governance play in that process? This chapter
    attempts to bring some answers to these questions.

    Section Eighteen - South Africa, (2)
    In this chapter we demonstrate how participative budgeting can help
    making daily life better for the citizens, while ensuring that the goals of the
    nation’s development and progress are effectively reached.

    Section Nineteen - South Africa, (3)
    Here, we list up and comment on some of the documents that the South
    African Authorities provide to their citizens. The documents serve to
    explain, in simple terms, how government works and what benefits the
    citizens can derive from that process.

    Section Twenty - Lebanon
    Here we examine the case of the successful application of some of the
    principles of participative governance in the municipality of Ghobeiry in
    South Lebanon.


    Section Twenty one  - Definition of participative budgeting
    An introduction to budgets and a definition of participative budgeting.

    Section Twenty two - Why budget?
    The pros for budgeting provided by the International Budget Organization,
    a South African institution specialized in world wide promotion of budgeting
    and  efficient public governance

    Section Twenty three - Who should take part in budgeting?
    A list of the members of civil society who should participate in budget
    drafting and in budget monitoring.

    Section Twenty four - Who should monitor the budget?
    Some considerations on budget monitoring and a description of a practical
    lived in experience of that process in the Philippines.

    Section Twenty five - How to follow up on budgets?
    What actions should follow up the monitoring process in Lebanon?  What
    results  can we expect from that process in terms of improved
    management of financial resources and a more effective social policy?

    Section Twenty six - The make up of the National Budget - the sixty-
    six budget heads
    In this section we have drawn up a comparative chart of the results of the
    yearly receipts and disbursements that were recorded in the National
    Budgets for the years 2004 to 2009 inclusively. The results for 2010 were
    not made available to us because the Ministry of Finance did not include
    any details in its yearly report. We shall ask the new Minister of Finance to
    give the necessary instructions to publish the missing information.

    Group 30 - Participative planning

    Section Thirty one - Definition of planning
    A definition of participative planning is provided

    Section Thirty two - Why Plan?
    The necessity for planning and its advantages to the Nation concerned.

    Section Thirty three - Who should participate in the planning
    An inclusive list of all the potential contributing members of civil society
    who can usefully participate in the drafting of the Plan along with the public

    These enlightened citizens should be the ones we shall welcome to take
    part in their country’s governance and in  planning  the reform process. In
    that respect, let them take example from  the Philippinos, the Brazilians,
    the South Africans and the Irish.

    Section Thirty four - The Irish Model
    The moment that the Civil War ended in Ireland, in 1990, the Authorities of
    the Irish Republic decided to draft their first five year Reform Plan and put
    into application their vision of a democratic Ireland and their system of
    participative governance focused on developing the country’s economy
    harmoniously while securing the well being of all the classes of the
    population, particularly the children, the elderly, and the disadvantaged

    In this chapter we dwell on the striking similarities between the Republic of
    Ireland and Lebanon to arrive at the conclusion that what benefited the
    former should also work to the advantage of the latter.

    Chapter Thirty five – The Irish Plan
    Here we introduce and comment upon the fourth Irish National
    Development Plan for the period 2011-2015. It is worthwhile to pointing out
    that many of the provisions of that Plan are applicable to the conditions  in

    Chapter Thirty six - Building the Plan
    How to build a Plan. How it was done elsewhere in the world. An example of
    a National Agriculture Five Year Plan prepared in Lebanon in 2005 and a
    graphical representation of the different stake-holders who contributed to
    its preparation.

    Group 40 - The planning processes

    Chapter Forty one - The planning processes (1- 6)
    Collect list of stakeholders, meet with them,allocate the plans to the study
    groups, understand the planning concept and undertake the preliminary
    studies of the plans (55 days)
    Chapter Forty two- The planning processes (7- 9)
    Proceed with research and study, compare, evaluate, and discuss data
    and information, meet again and amend the results when necessary (72
    Chapter Forty three - The planning processes (9 and 10)
    Final meeting and discussions between the planning groups and the
    Authorities before the Plans are approved by the Government and the
    Parliamentary commissions.(23 days)

    Group 50 - The public private participation (PPP)

    Chapter 51-Definition of PPP, origin and importance.
    PPP in Britain, Australia and Canada. Controversy over PPP. PPP for
    water and for health. Greenfield and brownfield PPP projects.
    Chapter 52 - The Geaudreau environment project in Canada
    Chapter 53 - The public private partnership handbook
    Chapter 61 - Governance papers
    Chapter 71 -0 Projects 24

CPI The Lebanese Center for Public Information
A1 Introduction