as what government does.
The World Bank defines governance as the manner in which public
officials and institutions acquire and exercise authority to shape public
policy and provide public goods and services. The World Bank 2007, p.i.,
Participative governance implies that the citizens can and should
participate with the Authorities in their country’s governance.
Participative governance is also defined elsewhere as direct and “mutually
beneficial” relations between citizens and decision-makers.
1) Can the citizens in Lebanon assist their government in finding
some solutions to the numerous political, economic and social
problems that currently confront us all?
1) What are the definitions of participative governance, participative
budgeting, and participative planning?
2) In which countries these policies are currently in application?
Have they justified the expectations of their citizens?
3) Will such approaches work in Lebanon?
4) What are their merits of these approaches?
5) Can we have participative governance, and participative
budgeting without participative planning?