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PARTICIPATIVE GOVERNANCE

23. Whose  budget?


    Who should be involved in the budgeting process?

    In the previous pages we agreed upon the principle that the citizens can and should
    share in the management of their country in the same way that they are able to
    manage their homes and their businesses.

    If that principle is agreed upon, it follows that these citizens should have a say in the
    size of the taxes that they will be called upon to pay and in the usage that the
    government will make  of the proceeds of these taxes.

    In other words the citizens should be directly associated in the preparation of the
    yearly national budget that decides how much money will be raised by the
    government  and to which purpose this money will be used.

    As to the way that government will  secure the participation of the citizens to the
    budgeting process, the web site on international budget partnership proposes a
    number of approaches used in numerous countries around the world.

    These approaches vary from the ones adopted by  the Scandinavian countries in
    Europe where the democratic process is highly developed to some countries in
    Africa and Asia where it is necessary to start by explaining  the fundamental concept
    to the population.

    Lebanon is situated halfway between these two extremes. The Lebanese citizen
    generally understands fairly well the principle of the right to participate but finds it
    hard to believe, after four hundred years of Ottoman rule, twenty years of French
    rule, and sixty years of imperfect democracy, to say the least,that the other party,
    meaning the State (Al Dawle), is serious about calling for that participation.

    It is up to that Dawle to make the first steps and decide to introduce all round
    transparency and offer to the citizens the right to share in the fiscal decision making
    process.

    Once the principle is accepted it remains to set up a system to define the terms and
    the method, and the extent of that  participation.

    That is what we shall examine in the following web page.

    We present below a list of twenty five public officials and public, private and
    international organizations and institutions likely to be involved in the budget and in
    the planning processes

    .

 
    Proposed stakeholders in the planning
    and the budgeting processes in Lebanon
 
    Ministers
 
    Parliamentary Commissions
 
    Ministry Directors
 
    Ministry Personnel
 
    Mohafez
 
    Caimacams
 
    Municipality Mayors
 
    Municipal Boards
 
    Cooperatives
 
    Syndicates
 
    Professional Associations
 
    Chambers of Commerce, Industry and
    Agriculture
 
    Economists
 
    Experts
 
    Media representatives
 
    NGOs
 
    Armed Forces
 
    Security Institutions
 
    Religious institutions
 
    Medical Institutions
 
    Political party representatives
 
    CDR (The Center for Development and
    econstruction)
 
    CES (Le Centre Economique et Social)
 
    International Donors
 
    International groups and institutions