HOW TO BUILD A NATIONAL PLAN


    HOW TO BUILD A NATIONAL PLAN






















    COMMENTS ON PLAN BUILDING

    In a previous web page we suggested that a number of
    stake-holders as well as some State institutions and foreign
    bodies should take an active part in the plan building
    process. We identified at least twenty five groups of
    individuals, organizations, state or foreign institutions who
    must be called upon to participate, in one way or another,
    in the construction of the Plan to ensure its ultimate
    success. We are sure that we may have missed some and
    we intend to rectify this error during the execution of the
    process.

    However, before we envisage building the National Plan
    we should consider introducing and explaining the
    participative governance and participative planning
    concepts to Civil Society and familiarize the citizens with
    the notion and the benefits of planning nationally and the
    role that they may be called upon to play in the planning
    process.

    To attain this result, we believe that the best approach is to
    conduct, in some universities, a number of internships on
    the subjects of participative governance and participative
    planning.

    The interns, who will be invited to attend the enlightenment
    sessions, will subsequently move on to the study and to
    the research phase of the individual plan concerned. This
    will be followed by a consultation phase with the various
    stakeholders, the expert institutions, and the officials of
    the Ministry concerned.

    That, in turn, should  lead to the evaluation, the critique,
    and the elaboration of the Plan before its final write up and
    its presentation to the Authorities.

    We have estimated that the entire process for each of the
    sixteen sub-plans will last six months. In order to complete
    the entire project within one year we shall have to
    assemble eight groups of interns who will be assigned to
    oversee two sub-plans each.

    The first course was scheduled to start on the 15th of
    February and end on the 30th of June.

    Should this first course prove successful, it is proposed to
    form seven additional groups as early as the first of March
    2011 to keep in line with the program.

    In this connection, we wish to point out that we believe that
    it is imperative to conclude the study of the sixteen topics
    of the National Plan before the end of this year. The current
    circumstances in Lebanon and in the region render it
    imperative to provide the State and the citizens with a clear
    vision of the future lying ahead of us and what we are
    expected to achieve during the next five years. That
    economic and social vision, provided it is adopted by the
    majority, will become the cementing factor that will unite us
    all and prevent the discord that threaten us dangerously.
    That vision will serve to define precisely  the goals that we
    shall commonly agree upon,  the means and the time table
    to achieve them.

    Once all the parties agree upon a common economic and
    social policy, the political aspects can be easier to settle
    afterward.

    We believe that educated youth, in spite of its relative
    inexperience, and, in some instances, because of it, can be
    the ideal driving engine and rallying factor behind the
    project of a National Plan.

    We pray for the success of the forthcoming internship
    project and we hope that it will get the necessary support
    from all concerned.

    The standard program for each course is expected to last
    six months and will include the following:


    1) A review of the basic principles of participative
    planning  Some leading experts and economists will
    be invited to attend the sessions
    2) A review of the current sectional plan if it is
    available.
    3)  If no plan was drawn for that section, the group will
    spend five weeks to study,  with the experts, and with
    the Ministry concerned, some applicable Plan.
    5) A discussion will then take place over the Plan with
    representatives of civil society and experts, including
    the members of the Social and Economic Council
    6) A discussion over the Plan will follow with the
    Ministry concerned
    7) The group will  meet with the Parliamentary
    Commission concerned to communicate the result of
    their work and seek their feedback on the subject.
    8) The group will draw up a final synthesis and a
    summary of the different studies and present it to the
    Ministry concerned.

    Each of the above steps will last three weeks.
CPI The Lebanese Center for Public Information
PARTICIPATIVE
GOVERNANCE
PARTICIPATIVE GOVERNANCE
36. Building the Plan

    Public Private Participation has been successfully tried in different  parts of
    the world, where the governments were not able to directly bankroll the
    huge sums needed to realize or rebuild the infrastructure or introduce some
    costly reform measures.

    However, as Mr. Mounir Corm, a specialist  in public/private participation,
    rightly argues in his article in l'Orient Le Jour, the solution is not, at first
    hand, easily applicable in Lebanon.

    We tend to believe that, before rushing impulsively to adopt PPP, we should
    consider participative governance first.

    The object is to recruit Civil Society as a watchdog over public funds to
    prevent any unlicensed use of these funds by some of the private cartelwho
    operate in this country freely and without sufficient control.

    For that purpose, we have in mind the Lebanese Economic and Social
    Council referred to in slide 25 above. We believe that it can be the perfect
    link between the State and the private sector, provided it is allowed to
    operate strictly according to the rules.